Common Electronic Components
Jumper wire, also known as DuPont wire is an electrical wire with pin at each end, which is normally used to interconnect the components on a breadboard or other prototype circuit without soldering.
Resistor is a passive two-terminal component that implements electrical resistance. In electronic circuits, resistors are used to reduce current flow, divide voltage, bias active components and many more.
Capacitor is a passive two-terminal component that stores electrical energy in an electric field, which are normally used in electronic circuits for blocking direct current while allowing alternating current to pass. In analog filter networks, they smooth the output of power supplies and stabilize voltage.
LED (light-emitting diode) is a two-terminal semiconductor light source, which will emits light when a suitable voltage is applied to the leads. LEDs are very energy efficient and have a longer lifetime over incandescent light sources.
Diode is a two-terminal component that conducts primarily in one direction, It has very low resistance to the flow of current in one direction and extremely high resistance in the other.
Push button is a simple switch mechanism that allows current to flow when pressed.